oil

oil
I UK [ɔɪl] / US noun
Word forms "oil":
singular oil plural oils
***
1)
a) [uncountable] a thick dark smooth liquid from under the ground, used for making petrol and other fuels

The Middle Eastern countries produce most of the world's oil.

We need to do more to reduce our dependence on foreign oil.

Heat can be provided by oil, gas, or electricity.

North Sea oil

crude oil (= oil in its natural state):

A large tanker can carry several million tons of crude oil.

b) [only before noun] relating to this liquid

Oil prices will probably rise again next year.

an oil company

China has large coal and oil reserves.

2) [countable/uncountable] a thick smooth liquid used in an engine, so it will work smoothly

Change the oil in your car every 3,000 miles.

3) [countable/uncountable] a thick smooth liquid used in cooking and preparing food, and in medicines

Cook the chicken in some oil.

vegetable/olive/sunflower oil

peanut/sesame/walnut oil

cod liver oil

4)
a) [countable/uncountable] a thick clear liquid that you use for protecting your skin or for making it soft

massage/bath/suntan oil

baby oil

aromatherapy oils

lavender oil

5)
a) [countable/uncountable, usually plural] a type of paint that contains oil
in oils:

I prefer to work in oils.

b) [countable] a painting made with paint that contains oil

We saw an exhibition of oils and watercolours by local artists.

be (like) oil and water — if two people or things are like oil and water, they are very different and are not good together


II UK [ɔɪl] / US verb [transitive]
Word forms "oil":
present tense I/you/we/they oil he/she/it oils present participle oiling past tense oiled past participle oiled
to put oil on something, for example to make it move easily, or so that things will not stick to it

He's outside oiling his bike.

Place the biscuits on a lightly oiled tray and bake them for 15 minutes.


English dictionary. 2014.

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Oil — (oil), n. [OE. oile, OF. oile, F. huile, fr. L. oleum; akin to Gr. ?. Cf. {Olive}.] Any one of a great variety of unctuous combustible substances, more viscous than and not miscible with water; as, olive oil, whale oil, rock oil, etc. They are of …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Oil! —   1st edition …   Wikipedia

  • oïl — [ ɔjl ] adv. d affirmation • 1080 « oui »; a. fr. o « cela »; du lat. hoc et il ♦ Langue d oïl : ensemble des dialectes (picard, bourguignon, anglo normand, francien …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • oil — [oil] n. [ME oile < OFr < L oleum, oil, olive oil < Gr elaion, (olive) oil, akin to elaia,OLIVE] 1. any of various kinds of greasy, combustible substances obtained from animal, vegetable, and mineral sources: oils are liquid at ordinary… …   English World dictionary

  • oil — oil; oil·dom; oil·er; oil·field·er; oil·i·ly; oil·i·ness; oil·less; oil·let; oil·man; oil·om·e·ter; oil·skinned; oil·less·ness; oil·tight·ness; …   English syllables

  • oil — Ⅰ. oil UK US /ɔɪl/ noun [U] ► NATURAL RESOURCES a thick liquid that comes from under the Earth s surface and is used as a fuel and for making plastics, etc.: »More than 6,000 rigs were drilling for oil and gas. »The oil price increase is a… …   Financial and business terms

  • OIL — steht für: Oïl Sprachen, eine Gruppe galloromanischer Sprachen, siehe Langues d’oïl OIL steht für Ontology Inference Layer, eine semantische Auszeichnungssprache Office Infrastructures et logistique Luxembourg, Amt für Gebäude, Anlagen und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • oil — vb Oil, grease, lubricate, anoint, cream all mean to smear or treat with an oily, fatty, or greasy substance, but they vary greatly in their implications of the substance used and the purpose for which it is employed and in their idiomatic… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • Oil — steht für: Oïl Sprachen, eine Gruppe galloromanischer Sprachen, siehe Langues d’oïl OIL steht für Ontology Inference Layer, eine semantische Auszeichnungssprache Office Infrastructures et logistique Luxembourg, Amt für Gebäude, Anlagen und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • oil|y — «OY lee», adjective, oil|i|er, oil|i|est. 1. of oil: »an oily smell. 2. containing oil: »an oily salad dressing …   Useful english dictionary

  • Oil — Oil, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Oiled}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Oiling}.] To smear or rub over with oil; to lubricate with oil; to anoint with oil. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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